When you think of causes of diabetes, people most often think of high blood sugar. But actually, the danger of diabetes results from problems with producing or using insulin. Because the disease is so serious, it is important to understand the root causes of your diabetes in order to provide proper treatment.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is the least understood of the two types of the disease. It tends to manifest early in life, and is partially dependent on heredity and predisposition to the disease. It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the mechanisms for delivery and handling of insulin. The disease usually begins in youth or adolescence, and is thought to be brought on by viruses, triggering the autoimmune response.
Type 2 diabetes most often develops in adults, and is often traced to both genetic and environmental factors, such as an inactive lifestyle and a diet high in carbs. When you eat carbohydrates, the body converts them into sugars, which are used for energy or are stored in the liver or muscle tissues. The body produces insulin to help process these sugars and deliver them where they need to go in the body for energy. In some people, an insulin resistance develops, so that their body is no longer able to store the sugars properly, and they become trapped in the bloodstream.
Regardless of the type of diabetes, it is a real threat to your health. Once the muscles, liver, and finally the fat cells become resistant to insulin carrying the sugar into their tissues, the blood becomes oversaturated with sugar, leading to serious health complications. High glucose levels lead to problems with the kidneys, eyes, and can cause neuropathy, sleep apnea, heart disease, and loss of hearing. Without treatment, diabetes can cause organ shutdown, resulting in death.
Treatments for Diabetes
We all know that most people who are diabetic require insulin injections and glucose monitoring as part of treatment, but those alone are not sufficient to really manage the disease. Developing healthy habits including regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight and diet are key to managing the disease.
Consultation with professionals to develop a sound life plan and strategies to incorporate healthier choices every day is necessary to manage your disease. Beyond simply implementing a traditional healthy nutrition plan, professionals can assist you with developing an activity and exercise regimen to keep the effects of the disease in check. When it comes to diabetes, it is not enough to simply burn fat or go on a weight loss regimen – developing healthy activity habits and avoiding the tendency to become sedentary is key.